HTML, is a markup language that is used for creating Web Pages.  HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, was developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991. It is the official language of the World Wide Web for developing web pages.  It is the descendant of SGML i.e., Standard Generalized Markup Language.  It is used to define the structure of the web page.

In HTML, one can create web pages using the collection of tags HTML tags are surrounded by angular bracket(< >). The extension of the HTML file is .htm or .html.

Types of tags

  1. Container tag
  2. Empty tag

Container tag

It has both starting and ending tag.


<b> Hello John </b>

Empty Tag

It has only starting tag.


<img> ,<hr > etc.

Basic Structure of HTML


Definition of Basic Structure Tags

structureof html

Software Requirement for Creating Web Pages

  1. Notepad
  2. Any browser like Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome etc.

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